Dogs, as well as other animals, are susceptible to parasites that live in their gastrointestinal tract. Dog worms can cause different health problems, such as vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, hair loss etc. Some of the parasites that affect dogs can also be transferred to people and can cause different health issues. That is why veterinarians recommend regular check ups and preventive measures that can reduce the harm. In this article, we will try to educate you, so you will be able to recognize if your dog has parasites. In addition, we will present you few deworming medications that are usually used.
What are dog parasites?
First, you should know that some species of dogs are more susceptible to dog parasites than others, so before making the final decision about your home pet, do a little research to see what kind of medical problems you might face. The fact that your dog has parasites does not mean that has parasites does not mean that you do not take good care of it, it may be simply born with parasites. Parasites may be transferred trough the uterus or trough mother’s milk. Puppies may get affected by parasites by their mother, while adult dogs may get parasites by eating infested feces, infested food or by drinking infested water. After ingesting infested food, parasites travel to dog’s liver where they multiply. The larvae travel up to the lungs and swallowed by the dog. Once they arrive in dog’s intestines they travel down along with the digested food and are expelled in the stool in the form of adult worms or larvae, in this manner continuing the cycle.
Symptoms and treatment
Usually, dog owners become aware that their loved pet has parasites after they discover worms in dog’s stool. Symptoms usually depend on the type of dog parasite the dog has, but they include vomiting, diarrhea or bloody diarrhea, hair loss, weight loss, anemia, vomiting or coughing worms etc. As to the treatment, it usually involves specific types of deworming medications that are prescribed depending on the type of parasite. Such deworming medications, such as Panacur for dogs, Ivermectin for dogs, and Heartgard plus for dogs are administered several times until the dog is free of parasites. There are also vaccines which are usually administered while the dog is still a puppy. You should be aware that your dog may get parasites even after it has been administered several doses of deworming medication, so you need to be careful about any suspicious symptom.
There are several preventive measures that you can take to protect your dog and your family against dog worms. Take your dog to regular veterinarian check ups according to the schedule of your vet. Take your dog to regular parasites test. When taking your dog to the park for a walk, be careful that your dog does not sniff or eat other dogs’ feces and does not drink water from ponds. There are preventive measures that are applicable to humans. Never walk barefoot or touch soul that you suspect has been infested by dog poop and watch what your children are touching.